Here's a quick glossary of web terms used and accepted worldwide related to web hosting and web design.
1. URL: It is acronym for 'Uniform Resource Locator', which is the unique address for specifying location of various websites, and distinct web pages. According to Google's stats, as on 7/25/2008, 1 trillion unique URL's had been indexed by their crawler, and it is being speculated that the number will grow to 10 trillion shortly.
2. ISP/Web host: ISP refers to Internet Service Provider, which can be any company that allows you to access the Internet. Few ISPs provide broadband services, while some of them grant dial-up access. Some of the hosting providers are also ISPs, while others don't provide both the services.
3. FTP: FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol, which is a standard protocol used for transferring files to or from the web server to your local machine.
4. SSL: It is one of the most widely accepted security protocols, which is used for securing e-commerce transactions. SSL is acronym used for secure socket layers.
It enhances security by means of data encryption, and server authentication, thereby minimizing threat of security hacks, and phishing attacks.
5. Auto-responder: It is a handy tool, which can be used for sending out automated replies to customer's queries, or informal sales letters. Usually, auto-responders are pretty economical, and they're e-mail equivalent of fax-back services.
7. Shared Hosting: It is the most common form of hosting, wherein all the files of various websites are hosted on a common web server. Shared hosting is the most affordable form of hosting, followed by reseller hosting, dedicated hosting, and VPS.
8. Reseller Hosting : It is useful for those who wish to start a small web hosting company without spending on infrastructure, or website owners that have extensive bandwidth requirements, which can't be fulfilled by the regular shared hosting package.
9. VPS: Virtual Private Server, refers to a web server, which you can make use of, without actually purchasing and maintaining one (physically). VPS hosting is preferred by those who require root level access to the web server for running various applications, and don't want to use shared hosting services.
10. Dedicated Hosting: Website owners who wish to exercise complete root level control over the web server, and keep their files secured from other users usually opt for dedicated hosting. However, dedicated hosting is the costliest form of hosting, and preferred by only advanced webmasters.